TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………………………………1

Important Terms to Know…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..3

Chapter One: What is Dementia?………………………………………………………………………7

1. Defining Dementia…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8

Myths about Dementia………………………………………………………………………………………………………….10

2. History of Dementia……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….13

Chapter Two: Types of Dementia……………………………………………………………………..19

Different categories for types of dementia……………………………………………………………………………20

1. Cortical and Subcortical Dementia………………………………………………………………………………..20

2. Primary and Secondary Dementia…………………………………………………………………………………21

3. Reversible and Irreversible Dementia…………………………………………………………………………..22

Chapter Three: Common Causes Dementia………………………………………………….25

1. Alzheimer’s Disease……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….26

Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease……………………………………………………………………………………………..26

Signs and symptoms:……………………………………………………………………………………………………………28

Causes………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………31

Diagnosis…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………32

Treatment Options………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..33

Prognosis………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….36

2. Vascular Dementia………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….37

Basics of Vascular Dementia………………………………………………………………………………………………..37

Signs and Symptoms………………………………………………………………………………………………………………38

Causes of Vascular Dementia………………………………………………………………………………………………40

Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia………………………………………………………………………………………….42

Treatment Options………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….44

Prognosis………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….46

3. Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB)………………………………………………………………………………………47

Basics of Dementia with Lewy Bodies…………………………………………………………………………………47

Signs and Symptoms………………………………………………………………………………………………………………49

Causes of DLB…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..51

Diagnosis for DLB……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………52

Treatment Options…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………54

Prognosis………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….55

4. Frontotemporal Dementia……………………………………………………………………………………………………55

Basics of Frontotemporal Dementia…………………………………………………………………………………..55

Signs and Symptoms…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….56

Causes of FTD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………58

Diagnosis of FTD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….59

Treatment Options………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..61

Prognosis………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….61

Chapter Four: Other Causes of Dementia………………………………………………………63

1. Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP)………………………………………………………………………………64

2. Corticobasal Degeneration (CBD)……………………………………………………………………………………..65

3. Huntington’s Disease……………………………………………………………………………………………………………68

4. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD)………………………………………………………………………………………..71

5. HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder (HAND)………………………………………………………..72

6. Multiple Sclerosis (MS)………………………………………………………………………………………………………..74

7. Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC)………………………………………………………………………………….75

8. Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH)………………………………………………………………………….76

9. Parkinson’s Disease Dementia (PDD)……………………………………………………………………………….77

11. Posterior Cortical Atrophy (PCA)…………………………………………………………………………………….78

12. Other possible causes of secondary dementia……………………………………………………………..80

Chapter Five: Stages of Dementia…………………………………………………………………….81

1. Early Stage or Mild Dementia…………………………………………………………………………………………….82

2. Middle or Moderate Stage…………………………………………………………………………………………………..83

3. Late or Advanced Stage……………………………………………………………………………………………………….85

Chapter Six: Alternative Treatments for Dementia……………………………………87

Selecting an Alternative Practitioner to Work With………………………………………………………..89

Lifestyle Changes…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….90

Chapter Seven: The Future of Dementia……………………………………………………….93

Research……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………9.4

International Efforts…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..96

Spreading Awareness……………………………………………………………………………………………………………..97

Index………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………99

Photo References………………………………………………………………………………………………107

References…………………………………………………………………………………………………………..109